Laying

You will find information on how to lay wall and floor tiles on this subpage.

AFTER YOU HAVE BOUGHT WITH US, YOU CAN BE SURE THAT YOU OR A PROFESSINAL TILE-LAYER PROVIDING THE SERVICE WILL RECEIVE PROFESSIONAL TIPS AT EACH STAGE OF LAYING THE TILES.

Laying tiles on a floor

A mixer, a trowel, notched spreader, e.g. 10×10, a soft rubber spreader, a sponge spreader, a rollable bucket.
Terracotta floor tiles, tiles made of KAMSTAR brick should be glued to a concrete topping
(we recommend priming any concrete topping) with a normal thick-layer tile adhesive. In the event that a floor heatin has been employed, a suitable adhesive – elastic one should be used (e.g. Sopro SF 450).

Square tilesmulti-kwadra

Rectangular tilesmulti-uklad-1

Terracotta and brick tiles should be laid on a thick adhesive layer (about 10 mm) so that there is no empty air space underneath the tiles. We recommend applying an adhesive ridge to the glued surface and applying the adhesive individually to each tile – the combined method. Doing so, all uneven surfaces and differences in the thickness of the tiles can be reduced. It should be remembered that the material is more than one hundred years old and is not ideally even due to the manufacturing technology employed in those day (tile were formed by hand).
Preparing the surface for impregnating


After the adhesive has bound, the surface should be decontaminated and it should be left to completely dry out (in the event that it i cleaned wet – we recommend a microfiber mop that will ideally clean the substrate but not wet.it too much). In the event the tiles have been contaminated with the adhesive – sandpaper can be used.

Impregnating


The surface that is dry and contamination-free has to be protected with the impregnation product ProtectGuard WL Semi Gloss or Flat finish (matt). If there is a willingness to fill the joint wet like glazed tiles, we recommend applying one layer of an impregnation product before filling the joints (Impregnat ProtectGuard WL can be diluted with water using one volume of water and 4 volumes of the impregnation product). Apply the impregnation product as long as the surface is maximally saturated (an excessive amount of the product should be spread over the surface). It should be used at the temperature of 10-30 ºC. DRY IT OUT MINIMUM 24 H BEFORE FILLING THE JOINTS. We recommend non-diluted ProtectGuard WF in the case of horizontal exterior.

Filling the joints (wet method –recommended )


A minimum width of a joint is 5 mm to 20 mm. After a joint-filling mortar has been thoroughly stirred, it is applied to the impregnated surface (one layer of an impregnation product) and left to dry out for minimum 24 hours. Then the mortar is evenly spread. A comfortable solution is to use the sponge spreader (for filling the joints between ceramic tiles). After the joint has been filled evenly and when the joint has started to dry out slightly (2-3 min), it should be started to wash it off with the sponge spreader rinsing the sponge frequently with clean water. After 5-8 hours from filling the joints, clean the tiles with a water and vinegar solution in the 50/50 ratio or the efflorescence remover – Guard Remover® Eco Efflorescence & cement. Leave the joint to completely dry out (min. 72 hours). Then two layers of the diluted impregnation product are applied to the dry and clean surface in a 20 min. interval. Optimal protection for the joint is also achieved in this way. It should be remembered that the coverage of the impregnation product when applying another layers is reduced to a significant degree.

Filling the joints (semi-dry method)


A minimum width of a joint is 8 mm to 20 mm. The consistency of the joint should resemble wet soil. After stirring the mortar thoroughly, it is spread over the impregnated tiles (1 layer of the impregnation product – 24 hours after applying). The joint-filling mortar is pressed between the gaps with the grouting float. It is important to remember to sprinkle the joint with water (between 5 – 10 minutes after filling the joint), so as for it to get hardened in a suitable way. We recommend repeating this activity several times if possible. Leave the joint to dry out completely (min. 72 hours).

Then two layers of the diluted impregnation product to the dry and clean surface in a 20 min. interval. Optimal protection for the joint is also achieved in this way. It should be remembered that the coverage of the impregnation product when applying another layers is reduced to a significant degree.

Lying tiles to a wall

A mixer, a trowel, notched spreader, e.g. 10×10, a soft rubber spreader, a sponge spreader, a rollable bucket.
A wall should be even and leveled. If there a loose rendering pieces on the surface, they should be removed, and then the gaps should be refilled, and the whole should be primed. The wall can be additionally reinforced by embedding a glass fiber net.

Recommended patterns of tile arrangements

uklad-sciany

rick tiles are glued to the substrate with a low or zero slip adhesive. The majority of our brick tiles can be adjusted in terms of the height (60mm or 70mm), therefore spacing crosses can be use (the standard is 10 mm). They can be glued with a combined method: the adhesive is placed to the wall with the notched spreader, and then the tiles are placed to it and are pressed thoroughly. An excessive amount of the adhesive is removed before drying.
It is best to lay tiles from a couple of various packages so as to reduce differences in colors.
Wall preparation for impregnating


After the adhesive has bound, the surface should be decontaminated and it should be completely dried. In the event the tiles have been contaminated with the adhesive – sandpaper can be used.

Impregnating


The surface that is dry and contamination-free can be impregnated. Impregnating enables to gain different end results, e.g.:

  • ProtectGuard – protection from stains, greases, graffiti – the surface does not change its color after being impregnated.
  • ProtectGuard WL flat finish or ProtecGuard WF – protection from stains and contaminations – the surface change its looks – wet effect.
  • Imperguard SF – hydrophobic and anti-dirt protection – – the surface does not change its color after being impregnated

Dlaczego warto impregnować:

  • this protection will make filling the joints easier. Thanks to impregnation, filling the joints can be even carried out with the mudding method.
  • the tiles will be ressitant to contaminations.
This activity is carried out after the adhesive has completely dried out. If a recommended impregnation product has been used – – it should be remembered that applying should take place minimum 24 h  before starting work (some impregnation products become stronger even up to the fifth day).

Method 1 – (equipment – a joint-filling gun, a grouting float, a paint brush)


After a joint has been applied with the joint-filling gun, it is necessary to wait for it to dry out slightly. The excessive parts of the joint are cut off with the grouting float and its surface is smoothened. Before the joint dries out, a short-hair paint brush can be used in order to even the joint and achieve a more nature structure of the joint.

Method 2 – semi-dry method (equipment – spreader, a grouting float, a paint brush)


A minimum width of a joint is 8mm up to 20mm. The consistency of the joint should resemble wet soil. After stirring the mortar thoroughly, it is applied with the grouting float between the brick tiles. Before the joint dries out, a short-hair paint brush can also be used in order to even the joint and achieve a more nature structure of the joint.

Method 3 – wet method – mudding (a rubber spreader, a sponge spreader, a rollable mortar bucket)


A minimum width of a joint is 5mm to 20mm. After a joint-filling mortar has been thoroughly stirred, it is applied to the impregnated surface (one layer of an impregnation product) and left to dry out for minimum 24 hours. Then the mortar is evenly spread. A comfortable solution is to use the sponge spreader (for filling the joints between ceramic tiles). After the joint has been filled evenly and when the joint has started to dry out slightly (2-3 min), it should be started to wash it off with the sponge spreader rinsing the sponge frequently with clean water. After 5-8 hours from filling the joints, clean the tiles with a water and vinegar solution in the 50/50 ratio or the efflorescence remover – Guard Remover® Eco Efflorescence & cement .

Wishing to satisfy the needs and expectations of our customers, we have created the team, whose task is to put the finishing touches to new flats, install KAMSTAR products as well as renovate the facilities having a long history.

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Service and Support – +48 95 741 36 12